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영국 남서부 해안에 하얀 절벽으로 장관을 이루는 세븐 시스터즈(Seven Sisters) 파크

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영국의 남서쪽 해안도시 이스트본(Eastbourne)과 브라이튼(Brighton) 사이에 있는 세븐 시스터즈 파크(Seven Sisters Park)는 해안의 하얀절벽(White Cliff)으로 널리 알려진 관광 명소입니다. 직접 다녀 오신 분도 많을 것이고 그렇지 않더라도 사진으로나마 몇 번 본 장면일 것입니다. 영국에 일시적으로 여행을 간 사람들은 구태여 이곳까지 잘 안가지만 유학을 가거나 머물고 있는 이들은 꼭 한번 들려보는 장소이지요.

'Seven Sisters'란 이름은 이곳 하얀 절벽이 마치 순결한 일곱 자매처럼 보인다하여 그렇게 이름 붙여 졌다고 합니다.
영국의 이쪽 해안은 석회암(Chalk ston)으로 되어 있어 절벽 땅끝이 모두 하얗게 보인다고 하는데 높은 절벽으로 이뤄진 이 해안의 길이가 대강 9km정도 된다고 하네요.

자살하기 아주 좋은 장소라서 자원봉사자들이 눈치껏 이런 사람들의 사고를 예방하는 일도 담당하고 있다 합니다. 우리나라 같으면 단번에 말뚝을 박고 더 이상 절벽 가까이 못가게 할 것인데 자연 그대로 방치하여 둔 모습이 인상적입니다.

 

 

 

White Cliffs of Beachy Head and Seven Sisters
Chalk cliffs just East of Birling Gap looking towards the Seven Sisters. 
Photo Credit:

Howzey

White Cliffs of Beachy Head and Seven Sisters
The Seven Sisters are a series of chalk cliffs by the English Channel. They form part of the South Downs in East Sussex, between the towns of Seaford and Eastbourne in southern England. They are within the Seven Sisters Country Park. They are the remnants of dry valleys in the chalk South Downs, which are gradually being eroded by the sea. 
Photo Credit:

abridgeover

White Cliffs of Beach Head
Beachy Head’s prominence has long made it a landmark for sailors. All too often the cliffs and the rocky seas below were a danger to vessels – leading to many wrecked ships.

Beachy Head Lighthouse
The Beachy Head lighthouse was erected in the sea below Beachy Head. The 43 metre tower was manned by three lighthouse keepers, who took turns maintaining the light, until 1983 when the lights were automated. As satellite navigation systems are now commonplace on ships, the need for lighthouses diminishes.

White Cliffs of Beachy Head at sunset
The cliff was used in the opening sequence to the 1987 James Bond film The Living Daylights, in which Bond (portrayed for the first time by Timothy Dalton) parachuted from a jeep which overshot the top of the cliff in a scene which was scripted as being in Gibraltar. 
Photo Credit:

TOmO

Hiking the Seven Sisters
Photo Credit:

abridgeover

Beachy Head Warning Sign
Photo Credit:

Dmitri Shakin

Mist at the Beachy Head
One slip and that’s it.
Photo Credit:

Krembo1

Balancing on the Beachy Head edge
Photo Credit: 

Rob Wassell

Cross near the Beachy Head edge
There are an estimated 20 deaths a year at Beachy Head. Worldwide, the landmark’s suicide rate is surpassed only by the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and the Aokigahara Woods in Japan. 
Photo Credit:

Andreas Photography

2nd World War Painting of Planes over Beachy Head
Beachy Head has played a part in a number of wars:
First Anglo-Dutch War, 1653
Nine Years’ War, 1690
World War II

Aerial view of Beachy Head
Beachy Head, with its white cliffs (not of Dover). Eastbourne is above. Birling Gap on the left. Willingdon is the town inland from Eastbourne, which is on the coast. 
Photo Credit:

dsearls

Spectacular view from Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

S__i

Beachy Head Cliffs seen from sea level
The chalk was formed in the Late Cretaceous period, between 65 and 100 million years ago, when the area was under the sea. During the Cenozoic Era the chalk was uplifted (see Cenozoic Era). When the last Ice Age ended, sea levels rose and the English Channel formed, cutting into the chalk to form the dramatic cliffs along the Sussex coast. 
Photo Credit:

S__i

White under the water
Photo Credit:

S__i

White Cliffs of Beachy Head
The lighthouse under the cliff. Since 1670, a light has shone from the cliffs of Beachy Head, warning ships away from doom on the rocks.
Photo Credit:

Elsie Esq.

Beachy Head Sunset
Both lighthouses are visible in this stunning photo.
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Grass on top of Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Blue sea view from Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Beachy Head, a popular tourist attraction
The Beachy Head area has a murky history as a haven for smugglers. Smuggling became commonplace because of high taxes placed on imports. By evading customs officers and avoiding taxes, goods could be sold for much lower prices, making popular items such as tea and alcohol affordable for ordinary citizens.
Photo Credit:

Mark Hogan

Gorgeous fields above Beachy Head
So while smuggling is usually viewed as the work of violent criminals, it was common for entire villages to assist the smuggling operations, aiding the smugglers while hampering the customs men.
Photo Credit:

Andreas-Photography

Spectacular ocean views from Beachy Head
Beachy Head’s prominence has long made it a landmark for sailors. All too often the cliffs and the rocky seas below were a danger to vessels – leading to many wrecked ships.
Photo Credit:

Jon Downs

Hiking the Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

Marc-John Photographic

Beautiful autumn photo of Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

Marc-John Photographic

Beachy Head winds have changed how a tree grows
Photo Credit:

hey mr glen

Hiking the Beachy Head
Photo Credit:

P Donovan

Belle Tout Lighthouse in the distance on Beachy Head
The Belle Tout lighthouse (also spelled Belle Toute lighthouse) is a decommissioned lighthouse and British landmark located at Beachy Head, East Sussex. It has been called “Britain’s most famous inhabited lighthouse” because of its striking location and use in film and television.
Photo Credit:

Rob Wassell

Sunset at Beachy Head and Belle Tout
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Hike towards Belle Tout Lighthouse on Beachy Head
The first Belle Tout lighthouse was a temporary wooden structure that started service on 1 October 1828. The construction of the permanent granite lighthouse began in 1829 and it became operational on 11 October 1834. Its use of 30 oil lamps meant that the lighthouse would require 2 gallons of oil every hour.
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Sunset at Beachy Head and Belle Tout
Photo Credit:

Dmitry Shakin

Beachy Head Cliffs to straight down
Photo Credit:

dubmill

Belle Tout Lighthouse on Beachy Head against a blue sky
By 1999 the erosion of the cliffs was threatening the foundations of the building and drastic steps had to be taken to stop it from falling into the sea.

On 17 March 1999 in a remarkable feat of engineering work the Belle Tout was moved 17 metres (56 ft) away from the cliff face. The 850-ton lighthouse was moved using a pioneering system of hydraulic jacks which pushed the building along four steel-topped concrete beams that were constantly lubricated with grease. The site should now be safe for many years and has been designed to enable further moves as and when they are required.
Photo Credit:

Rob Wassell

The Belle Tout Lighthouse on Beachy Head
The lighthouse was not as successful as had been hoped. The cliff-top location caused problems when sea mists obscured the light, significantly reducing the distance that it would reach. Vessels that sailed too closely to the rocks would not be able to see the light because it was blocked by the edge of the cliff. However, the cliffs of Beachy Head suffered intense coastal erosion over the years and the rocky area started to be covered by the light.
Photo Credit:

Rob Wassell

Beachy Head and Belle Tout lighthouse from the beach
Photo Credit:

s_gibson72

Both Beachy Head Lighthouses
Photo Credit:

Rob Wassell

White Cliffs of Beachy Head and Belle Toute lighthouse
Photo Credit:

Weesam2010

Beautiful ocean colors seen from the Seven Sisters
Photo Credit:

Marc-John Photographic

The majestic Seven Sisters and Belle Toute
Seven Sisters Country Park I had to wander out onto the mudflats to get this shot of the Seven Sisters cliff range, with Birling Gap and the Belle Tout lighthouse in the distance. I’m glad I did though even if I had to overcome a phobia about being surrounded by water.
Photo Credit:

Marc-John Photographic

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